Early childhood, education, political career, works and contributions, inheritance, etc.
Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh: He was born on December 23, and his birthday is celebrated annually as National Farmers Day. He was born in Noorpur, Uttar Pradesh, into a middle class peasant family. He was the fifth Prime Minister of India from July 28, 1979 to January 14, 1980. Historians and people call him the âpeasants’ champion of Indiaâ.
Chaudhary Charan Singh: Highlights
Not: December 23, 1902
Place of birth: Noorpur, India
Is dead: May 29, 1987
Place of death: New Delhi, India
Father: Mir Singh
Mother: Netra kaur
Joint: Gayatri Devi
Political affiliations: Indian National Congress, Janata Party
Title / Office: Prime Minister (1979-1980), India
Foster mother: Agra University
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Chaudhary Charan Singh: early childhood and education
His father was Mir Singh, a farmer who cultivated himself and his mother was Netra Kaur. He was the oldest of five children. His family moved from village to village in the Meerut district, in search of land suitable for a sedentary agricultural life. In 1922, they found him in the village of Bhadaula.
He went to school in the village of Jani Khurd. He graduated from Government High School in 1919. In 1923 he obtained his BSc from Agra College and his MA in History in 1925. He also trained in law. He practiced civil law in Ghaziabad. In 1929, he joined the Indian National Congress and chose a full-time political career.
Throughout his life he worked for the upliftment of peasants and their families. The values ââassociated with it are hard work, independence and uncompromising honesty. He went to jail several times for Indian independence.
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Chaudhary Charan Singh: Political journey and his major works
In 1937 he was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the UP of Chhaprauli. He represented the constituency in 1946, 1952, 1962 and 1967.
In 1946, he became parliamentary secretary to the government of Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant. He has worked in several departments including Revenue, Medical and Public Health, Justice, Information, etc.
He was appointed Minister of the State Cabinet in June 1951 and in charge of the Ministries of Justice and Information.
In 1952 he then took up the post of Minister of Revenue and Agriculture in the cabinet of Dr Sampurnanand.
In 1959 he resigned and at that time was responsible for the Department of Revenue and Transport.
In 1960 he was also Minister of Interior and Agriculture in the ministry of Shri CB Gupta.
From 1962 to 1963 he was Minister of Agriculture and Forestry in Smt. Ministry of Sucheta Kriplani.
In 1965, he abandoned the Ministry of Agriculture and took charge of the local self-government department in 1966.
After the split in Congress, he again became chief minister of the UP for the second time in February 1970 with the support of the Congress Party. On October 2, 1970, presidential rule was imposed on the state.
He served Uttar Pradesh and gained a reputation as a relentless master builder who would not tolerate inefficiency, nepotism and corruption in administration.
At UP he was the main architect of land reform and played a leading role in formulating and finalizing the Department Redemption Bill in 1939. This brought great relief to debtors.
He was also instrumental in bringing in the Land Holding Act in 1960 to lower the cap on land holdings to make it uniform across the state.
He was a strong supporter of social justice and won the trust he enjoyed among millions of peasants.
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Chaudhary Charan Singh: Books written by him
He led a simple life and loved to read and write. He has written various books and brochures, including Abolition of Zamindari ‘,’ X-ray Cooperative Agriculture ‘,’ Poverty in India and Its Solution ‘,’ Peasant Property or Land for Workers ‘and’ Prevention of the division of holdings below a certain minimum ‘.
Chaudhary Charan Singh: Legacy
He played a leading role in the formulation and finalization of the Department Redemption Bill 1939. He brought great relief to rural debtors.
He was instrumental in establishing the Land Holding Act of 1960. He lowered the limit on land holdings to make it uniform across the state.
His birthday is celebrated as Kisan Diwas or National Farmers Day in India on December 23.
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